Which is the right face mask to forestall COVID-19

As novel coronavirus spreads in India with 29 constructive cases of being reported so far in the country, people are rushing to medical stores to purchase face masks and hand sanitizers. As a result, the demand for protective masks and sanitizers has gone up significantly and the prices have shot up a number of times.

The 29 contaminated individuals embody students, 16 Italian nationals and one employee each of Paytm and Oyo.

Quite a lot of masks are available within the market. Choosing a random mask will not protect you from being infected by COVID-19. As an example, an everyday medical mask shouldn’t be sufficient to protect you from the new coronavirus when it’s used alone.

The Centers for Illness Management and Prevention (CDC) recommends an N95 respirator face mask to protect one from contracting COVID-19.

An N95 respirator face masks removes particles from the air which might be breathed through it. These respirators filter out a minimum of 95 % of very small (0.three microns) particles. These masks are capable of filtering out all types of particles, together with bacteria and viruses.

Why N95 respirators are totally different from face masks

N95 respirators reduce the wearer’s publicity to airborne particles, from small particle aerosols to large droplets. “When properly fitted and worn, minimal leakage occurs around edges of the respirator when the person inhales air. This means almost the entire air is directed via the filter media,” the CDC explains.

Not like N95s, other face masks are loose-fitting and provide only barrier protection against droplets, together with giant respiratory particles. They do not effectively filter small particles from the air and don’t stop leakage across the edge of the masks when the user inhales.

When to make use of a mask

If you’re healthy, you only must wear a masks if you’re taking care of a person with the suspected 2019-nCoV infection. Wear a mask if you are coughing or sneezing.


Masks are efficient only when utilized in combination with frequent hand-cleaning with alcohol-based hand rub or cleaning soap and water. Should you wear a mask, then you must know the right way to use it and get rid of it properly.

The way to put on, use, take off and get rid of a masks

Earlier than putting on a mask, clean arms with alcohol-primarily based hand rub or soap and water. Cover mouth and nose with mask and make sure there aren’t any gaps between your face and the mask.

Avoid touching the masks while using it. If you happen to do, clean your fingers with alcohol-based mostly hand rub or soap and water. Change the masks with a new one as quickly as it is damp and do not reuse single-use masks.


To remove the mask: Remove it from behind (don’t contact the entrance of the masks) and discard it immediately in a closed bin. Then, clean hands with an alcohol-primarily based hand rub or cleaning soap and water.

Different preventive measures

The CDC recommends everyday preventive actions to forestall the spread of coronavirus. It consists of avoiding people who are sick, avoiding touching your eyes or nose, and covering your cough or sneeze with a tissue. It recommends people who are sick to stay residence and not go into crowded public places or visit people in hospitals.

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